Arthritis can not be cured completely but if left untreated it can cause irreversible damage to the human health and body. Many scientific studies indicate that treatment started during the first two years after the initial signs of arthritis is significantly more effective that belated treatment.
Arthritis that has not ceased in six weeks can be considered as chronic.
Treatment of arthritis is a complex process involving not only specialized healthcare specialists (doctors, physiotherapists, physical therapy specialists) but also the patient plays a significant part and it is often important to change the lifestyle, habits, and diet.
Treatment of arthritis includes three main tasks:
- Pain control,
- Stopping the inflammation process,
- Maintaining and improving the joint function as much as possible.
The drugs used to treat arthritis symptoms:
- Pain killers(analgesics) reduce the pain due to the damage caused by arthritis;
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs reduce inflammation. Anti-inflammatory drugs should be used only for a short term, often in combination with pain killers;
- Glucocorticoids are powerful anti-inflammatory drugs that reduce pain and swelling in the joints, reduce inflammation indicators in blood tests and reduce the bone erosion in joints that is evident from X-ray imaging.
Drugs that reduce inflammation processes:
Synthetic anti-inflammatory agents reduce the pain and swelling, reduce inflammatory processes in the synovial tissues, prevent the erosion of the bones of joints and reduce inflammation indicators in blood tests. Steroid agents that are more effective in short term than nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents have similar effects, but steroids can be only used during the first years of arthritis or in the case of flare-ups;
Biological anti-inflammatory products consist of proteins and ingredients that can be usually naturally encountered in human body. Biotechnologies rely on the natural traits of living systems (cells of plants or animals, bacteria, viruses and yeasts) in combination with modern technologies, creating medications consisting of biomolecules that can cure some illnesses and genetic conditions. Biological medications can be used for reducing inflammation in the cases of rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis or psoriatic arthritis, limiting the symptoms of those illnesses. Biological anti-inflammatory products are used in moderate or severe arthritis cases when treatment with synthetic anti-rheumatoid agents has not been successful.
While treating arthritis it is significant to master and regularly perform a set of physiotherapy exercises. ORTO Clinic provides consultations by rehabilitologist where you can determine the necessary range of exercises.
Also, physical therapy procedures are recommended in the cases of arthritis. You can receive physical therapy procedures at the ORTO Clinic after consulting with rehabilitologist.
What can you do yourself?
- You can learn how to live efficiently with mild or moderate arthritis:
- Take care to balance your activities and leisure,
- Regularly engage into physical activities,
- Strengthen the muscles related to the joints affected by the illness,
- Avoid excessive and prolonged loads on the painful joint,
- Care for your body weight,
- For certain types of arthritis, such as gout, it is important to have a special diet, for example, reduce or limit the intake of food products containing purine,
- Use cold and hot compresses.
If arthritis causes constant pain seriously limiting your movements and impacting the quality of life, the solution is endoprosthesis of the damaged joint.