In order to diagnose rheumatic illness, the rheumatologist will:
- Carefully examine your case, discuss your lifestyle and habits, ask about other illnesses or trauma and the family history of illnesses;
- Perform careful examination of painful joints by palpation and observation. In certain cases immediate ultrasound examination of joints will be performed (therefore it is not necessary to have an ultrasound check before visiting rheumatologist);
- Have full blood test to check for inflammation, the presence of antibodies and functioning of the most important systems of the body;
- Take a sample of joint fluid (synovial fluid) from the painful joint in order to determine the presence of salt crystals in microscopic analyses, ascertain the type of arthritis and to determine accurate diagnosis.
To evaluate the condition of joints and to select the most appropriate treatment, the doctor can refer you to X-ray, ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging.