Pain in knee joint

Most frequent reasons for the pain in knee joint are:

  •  Injury  that can cause following inflammation,
  • Degeneration or ageing process of the knee joint,
  • Arthritis.

Pain in knee joint does not always indicate illness of the knee joint. It can be also caused by the damages in the hip joint. Also reason for this pain could be infectious and rheumatoid arthritis or immune disorders that could affect different tissues of the body. 

Where does it hurt?

Exact place of pain in the knee helps to determine reason of the pain:

  • Pain in the front of the knee joint can be caused by the inflammation of the knee joint capsule, tendon or arthritis.
  • Pain on the sides of the knee joint is usually caused by the damage of the ligaments or meniscus tear.
  • Pain in the back side of the knee joint is usually related to the meniscus tear or Baker’s cyst (which is a fluid-filled cyst that usually is the result of a problem with your knee joint – arthritis or tear of the knee joint cartilage.)
  • All-round pain in the joint can be caused by the inflammation of the joint capsule, arthritis, tear of ligaments, osteoarthritis.

Swelling of the knee joint is a symptom related to various problems of the knee joint:

  • Swelling that rapidly (approximately within one hour’s time) forms after injury of the knee joint can indicate damage of the cruciate ligament or damage of the cartilage of joint.
  • If the swelling forms gradually during several days probably meniscus is damaged or ligaments are strained.
  • Injury that occurs suddenly without trauma can be caused by several reasons – osteoarthritis, meniscus tear, synovitis of the knee joint (inflammation of the synovial membrane), gout, rheumatic diseases including  – septic arthritis.

Tackling feeling in the knee joint causes difficulties to squat or completely straighten the knee. Usually tackling feeling is caused by:

● Mechanical damage. It occurs if the piece of meniscus or vertebra that is torn off mechanically disturbs bending of the knee.

● Limited movements. They can develop as a reaction to the pain in knee joint. Reason could be infectious arthritis, gout or septic arthritis.

If you feel tackling feeling in the knee joint, immediately seek help of Traumatologist Orthopaedic specialist.

Stiffness in the knee joint limits usual amplitude of the movements of knee joint. Majority of the patients of arthritis feel stiffness in the joint affected by the illness. Stiffness is more severe in the mornings. On their turn, patients of osteoarthritis feel the stiffness of the joint during movements and activities – especially after long walks.

Stiffness in the knee joint is one of the signs of arthritis, therefore, if you observe that it repeats; seek help of Orthopaedic specialist or rheumatologist.

Feeling of instability in the knee joint Most frequent cause is the damage of the ligaments of the knee joints. If one or several ligaments have been damaged or have torn, feeling of instability can occur in the knee joint.

Temporary instability of the knee joint accompanied by sudden, sharp pain or related to the damage of the cartilage of the joint that due to the movements sometimes catch up between surfaces of the bones of knee joint.

Instability of the knee joint can also have other causes; therefore seek the help of Traumatologist Orthopaedic specialist to determine exact diagnosis and choose appropriate treatment.